Pillars of the community: How trained volunteers defend land rights in Tanzania

By Godfrey Massay

Training volunteers to help their communities defend their land rights has proved an effective approach for promoting land justice in Tanzania. This report documents how Hakiardhi, a Dar-es-Salaam based research institute working on land governance issues, has established and trained a 600-strong network of male and female ‘Land Rights Monitors’ (LRMs) operating in 300 villages on various aspects of the land law, so they can help people and local governments to exercise and ensure respect for their legal rights in land disputes. While this approach can be used to tackle different types of land conflicts, this report focuses primarily on examples related to the impact of large-scale land-based investments.

Large Scale Land Acquisitions Profile - Tanzania

This country profile presents the Land Matrix data for United Republic of Tanzania, detailing largescale land acquisition (LSLA) transactions that:

  • entail a transfer ofrights to use, control or own land through sale, lease or concession;
  • have an intended size of 200 hectares (ha) or larger; • have been concluded since the year 2000; •
  • are affected by a change of use (often from extensive or ecosystem service provision to commercial use);
  • include deals for agricultural, forestry and other purposes. Mining operations are excluded.

Regional Rangelands Congress 2016

The Africa Conservation Centre in collaboration with Institutional Canopy of Conservation (I-CAN) project and South Rift Association of Land Owners (SORALO) organized the Regional Rangelands Congress in Nairobi from 28th to 31st November 2016. The theme of the event is titled “Rangelands health and Security In dynamic landscape”.

Participants including NGOs, international organizations (UN), Academia Universities, National government, Count Government, Community representatives and private sectors have attended this four-day event. TNRF was invited under IUCN project to share cross border experiences.

This congress presented on Pandora and livelihoods, resource governance and management, policy and practices and climate change. TNRF presented on pastoralist food as livelihoods security with cross border natural resource management: Perceptive of Northern Tanzania and Southern Kenya.


In August 2015, the Ministry of Land, Housing and Human Settlement Development (MLHHSD) initiated a review on the Land policy, which had been in place for 21 years.

From August 2015 to November 2016, consultative meetings were organised at various levels within the Ministry whereby between April-May 2016 the drafting committee engaged various actors across 8 zones to get their opinions. This followed drafting the Land Policy 2016 between July-November 2016.

The stakeholders consultation meeting was held in Morogoro from 21st to 24th November 2016, which was attended by various groups. On 23rd November government institutions, local government authorities, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), CSOs, Faith based Organizations (FBOs), financial and higher level and institutions discussed and provided recommendations on the draft land policy. The Permanent Secretary for the MLHHSD, Dr. Yamungu Kayandabila, officially opened the meeting. In his opening remarks he stressed that Land shall benefit all ordinary citizens of Tanzania.

In this meeting the Land Policy drafting team presented on the draft land policy which was discussed by the stakeholders. The participants outlined new areas with reference to hunter-gatherers, pastoralism, mining rights and foreign investors rights to land ownership among others. The participants also waived various recommendations.


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