Why Land Needs to be a Priority Sector in Tanzania? A Call for an Annual Sector Review

By, Godfrey Eliseus Massay - LBI Coordinator, TNRF

g.massay@tnrf.org

March, 2016

Introduction

In the last decade, much has happened in the Tanzania land sector. We have seen the development of major initiatives that provide the framework for increasing agricultural investment including in 2009 Kilimo Kwanza, in 2010 the Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor (SAGCOT), in 2012 the G8 New Alliance supported by USAID, and in 2013 the Big Results Now (BRN). In addition, policy and legislation on land use planning, titling, mortgage financing, urban planning, mining, wildlife management, and livestock, to mention but a few, were passed within this period. At the same time the body held responsible forthe implementation of these, saw shifted leadership and restructuring. For example the Ministry of Lands Housing and Human Settlements Development (MLHHSD) went through the hands of three ministers who saw the government’s flagship land formalization program-MKURABITA, revamped the Strategic Program for Implementation of Land Laws (SPILL 2013) and the establishment of a vibrant information system.  In collaboration with the government, donors such as DFID, DANIDA and SIDA to mention a few, have made commitments to support land programs in the SAGCOT regions. Due to emerging land and investment issues, there is growing interest on the best way to establish strong partnerships to address land issues between civil society organisations and government on one hand and private sector on the other. For instance, under the Legend Challenge Fund which is a DFID-supported initiative, non-profit organisations are encouraged to join forces with profit organisations (investors) to access funds and implement projects.

At the international and regional level, land has been at the center of policy debates. There have been commendable efforts taken by the International community and the African Union (AU) to address land rights and tenure security issues resulting from threats posed by large-scale land investments. In 2012, the global Committee on Food Security (CFS) under the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) adopted the“Voluntary Guidelines for the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security”. In 2014, the AU launched the “Guiding Principles on Large Scale Land Based Investments in Africa” which complement the AU Framework and Guidelines on Land Policy in Africa.Efforts are in place to promote these voluntary guidelines to be binding laws at the national level.

Based on the efforts underway in terms of policy, institutional, programmatic, and financial commitments, the land sector should be stronger. However, the evidence on the ground shows that the sector is marred with many challenges. For example; small budget allocations, increase land use conflicts, weak land governance institutions, conflicting land and natural resource mandates, lack of coordination and corruption, to mention a few.

This brief argues for land sector to be a priority sector and for a multi-stakeholder systematic review of the land sector to be carried out annually. The brief draws from official public documents of the MLHHS including budget speeches from the last seven years. It does not capture all mandates of the Ministry of Lands, but highlights some of the areas considered fundamental for initiating discussion and agreement for such an annual sector review to take place. The brief provides relevant information for government officials, donor community, researchers and civil society organisations to advocate and support annual systematic review of the land sector.

Highlights of Some Major Achievements under Pastoralist Program in 2015

Jane Alphonce Mkinga, Tanzania Natural Resource Forum (TNRF)

February, 2016.

Introduction

Pastoralist Programme (PP) is a five year programme (2012-2016) managed and implemented in partnership by Tanzania Natural Resources Forum (TNRF and Care and funded by Irish Aid). The programme is implemented through registered Tanzania civil society organizations (CSO's) or/and community  based organizations( CBO's) that work to improve the capacity of communities to overcome poverty, reduce vulnerability and strengthen the rights  of pastoralist men and women for sustainable livelihoods. TNRF roles in this programme is to provide technical support, communication, enabling and coordinate advocacy at national level; while Care’s role is managing grant mechanisms for these CSOs, overall coordination, and reporting.

The programme is designed to realize the following outcomes: 1) Improved policies and laws that respond to the needs and demands of pastoralists’ men and women; 2) Increased responsiveness of National Government Agencies and LGAs to deliver quality veterinary and extension services to pastoralists; 3)  Improved national and local CSOs service delivery in addressing pastoralists’ men and women practical and strategic needs; 4) Increased adoption of climate adaptation and mitigation strategies and/or practices among pastoralist men and women; and 5) Increased participation of pastoral women in decision making processes and ownership and control of land and cattle in the program area. This brief addresses the some of the key achievements of the program for the year 2015 in accordance to some outcomes of the program.

Mkutano wa hadhara wa Waziri wa Kilimo, Mifugo na Uvuvi kusuluhisha migogoro ya Wafugaji na Wakulima Wilayani Mvomero

Mkutano wa hadhara wa Waziri wa Kilimo, Mifugo na Uvuvi  kusuluhisha  migogoro ya Wafugaji na Wakulima Wilayani Mvomero katika kijiji cha Dihombo

21 February 2016

Waziri wa Kilimo, Mifugo, na Uvuvi, leo ameendelea kuongoza  viongozi wa Wizara, Mkoa wa Morogoro na Wilaya ya Mvomero katika kutatua mgogoro wa wafugaji na wakulima uliodumu tokea mwaka 1991. Mgogoro  huo wa wakulima na wafugaji unatokana na mwingiliano wa  maeneo ya malisho na kilimo umejenga uhasama, mapigano ya mara kwa mara ya  muda mrefu baina ya jamii hizo za wafugaji na wakulima.

Relevance: 

Yaliyojiri katika warsha ya wafanyabiashara wa mbao/magogo wa uwanda wa Selous-Ruvuma, tarehe 19 Februari 2016; katika hoteli ya Double M, Lindi mjini

Jumuiko la Maliasili Tanzania (Tanzania Natural Resource Forum-TNRF) pamoja na washirika wake; Shirika la Kuhifadhi Mpingo na Maendeleo-MCDI, Mtandao wa Jamii wa Usiamizi wa Misitu Tanzania-MJUMITA na Shirika la WWF Tanzania, liliandaa warsha ya siku moja ya wafanyabiashara wa mbao/magogo wa uwanda wa Selous-Ruvuma iliyofanyika siku ya Ijumaa tarehe 19 Februari 2016, Lindi Mjini. Katika uwanda huu wa Selous-Ruvuma, Shirika la WWF Tanzania linafanya kazi na washirika wake (MCDI na MJUMITA) ili kueneza shughuli za Usimamizi Shirikishi wa Misitu (USM).  Warsha hii ya wafanyabiashara iliandaliwa ili kuongeza nguvu katika jitihada hizi kwa kuimarisha mijadala na wafanyabiashara wa mbao/magogo juu ya mambo muhimu yanayosibu biashara ya mazao ya misitu.

Warsha ilikuwa na malengo makubwa mawili: (1) kuwasilisha kwa wafanyabiasha fursa zilizopo za kufanya uvunaji katika misitu ya hifadhi za vijiji (ikilinganishwa na uvunaji katika misitu ya wazi), na (2) kutoa ufafanuzi wa mambo ya kitaalam yahusuyo upimaji na ukadiriaji wa ujazo wa mbao/magogo.

Washiriki wa warsha walikuwa kwenye makundi yafuatayo:

  • Wawakilishi wa wafanyabiashara ya mbao na magogo kutoka uwanda wa Selous-Ruvuma (Kilwa, Liwale, Ruangwa, Rufiji, Nachingwea, Tunduru, Lindi, Masasi)
  • Wawakilishi wa Mamlaka husika za Serikali (Mf. Wakala wa Misitu Tanzania, Idara ya Misitu na Nyuki, TRA)
  • Wawakilishi wa Vijiji vyenye misitu ya hifadhi ((Kilwa, Liwale, Ruangwa, Rufiji, Nachingwea, Tunduru, Lindi, Masasi)
  • Taasisi za Kiraia na Miradi (Jumuiko la Maliasili Tanzania, Kampeni ya Mama Misitu, Shirika la Kuhifadhi Mpingo na Maendeleo, MJUMITA, WWF Tanzania
When: 
19 February 2016 - 4:00pm
Location: 
Double M Hotel Lindi , Lindi
Tanzania
Lindi TZ

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